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The Department of Political Science aims to provide students with an understanding of the important political questions that surround issues of power. We believe that senior majors should be familiar with a range of theoretical perspectives and epistemological methods; able to analyze data critically and deconstruct texts; able to conduct independent academic research; and able to write clearly about significant political trends and events.

Political Science offers courses in four subfields: American Politics (AP), Comparative World Politics (CP), International Relations (IR), and Political Philosophy and Theory (PT). Courses are grouped at each level to reflect 1) depth of topical focus, 2) difficulty of assigned readings, 3) prior knowledge expected of the student, and 4) independent research expectations. The 100-level introductory courses introduce students to the systematic study of politics in a particular subfield. The 200-level courses are of intermediate difficulty and seek to advance empirical knowledge and theoretical application/extension. 300-level courses seek to map and explore sophisticated debates and prepare students for independent research and analysis. The 400-level courses are seminars and are typically limited to junior and senior political science majors. Seminars aim to explore the intersection of theoretical and empirical claims and situate the student's own original work in relation to those claims through independent research and discussion. Students complete a capstone sequence composed of two 400-level seminars or a 300-level and 400-level combination. Across the capstone sequence, students will write a literature review and develop a research paper of at least 20-25 pages length.

Political Science offers a disciplinary major and minor. All courses must be completed with a grade of C- or better in order to be credited toward the major.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
disciplinary, 10 courses
Two introductory courses from among POL 110, POL 140, POL 160, POL 175, and POL 180; one course in each of the four subfields (the introductory courses may count); a group of four courses, one of which may be outside the department, that define a theme or focus and are approved by the adviser; and a capstone sequence composed of a 300-level course and 400-level seminar or two 400-level seminars. Except for courses in the capstone sequence, no more than four courses in any one subfield count toward the major. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the major.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
disciplinary, 5 courses
Five political science courses in at least three separate subfields (American Politics, Comparative World Politics, International Relations, or Political Philosophy and Theory), three of which must be at the 200-level or higher. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted toward the minor.

COURSE CONCENTRATIONS
Note: Some courses serve more than one subfield; students must choose the subfield in which they wish to count the course on their major declaration form; a single course may not be double counted. Seminars do not count toward subfields.

American Politics Subfield
POL 110 Introduction to American Politics
POL 200 Topics
POL 204 Modern American Conservatism
POL 207 Governing through Crime
POL 211 Visions of the City
POL 212 Media and Politics
POL 215 Racial and Ethnic Politics
POL 221 Voting and Elections
POL 222 Political Parties
POL 229 State and Local Government
POL 238 Sex and Power
POL 249 Protests, Movements, Unions
POL 289 Theories of American Democracy
POL 300 Advanced Topics
POL 303 Campaigns and Elections
POL 310 Midterm Campaigns and Elections
POL 324 American Congress
POL 325 American Presidency
POL 326 Urban Politics
POL 332 American Constitutional Law
POL 333 Civil Rights
POL 334 Civil Liberties
POL 335 Law and Society
POL 370 African American Political Thought

Comparative Politics Subfield
POL/INRL 140 Introduction to Comparative Politics
POL 200 Topics
POL/INRL 208 Gender and Politics in the Middle East and North Africa
POL 243 The Mystery of East and Central Europe
POL 244 Immigration and Diversity in Europe
POL 245 Politics of the New Europe
POL/INRL 246 Politics of East Asia
POL/INRL 248 Politics of Development
POL/INRL 249 Protests, Movements, Unions
POL/INRL 254 Globalization
POL 255 Latin American Politics
POL 257 Russia/China Resurgent
POL/INRL 258 Comparative Politics of the Middle East
POL/INRL 259 African Politics
POL/INRL 281 Politics of South Asia
POL/INRL 283 Sex and Power
POL/INRL 285 International Politics of the Middle East
POL 300 Advanced Topics
POL/INRL 301 Politics of India
POL/INRL 304 Politics of Afghanistan
POL 348 Racism, Class, and Conflicts
POL 378 What Is Socialism?
POL/INRL 387 States and Markets

International Relations Subfield
POL/INRL 180 Introduction to International Relations
POL 200 Topics
POL/INRL 248 Politics of Development
POL/INRL 254 Globalization
POL 280 Contemporary International Relations
POL 281 Politics of South Asia
POL 283 Political Violence
POL 285 International Politics of the Middle East
POL/INRL 290 American Foreign Policy
POL 300 Advanced Topics
POL/INRL 301 Politics of India
POL/INRL 304 Politics of Afghanistan
POL/INRL 312 Political Reform in the Middle East
POL/INRL 380 Theories of International Relations
POL/INRL 387 States and Markets
POL 394 Identity and International Relations

Political Theory Subfield
POL 160 Introduction to Political Theory
POL 175 Introduction to Feminist Theory
POL 200 Topics
POL 264 Legal Theory
POL 265 Modern Political Theory
POL 267 Twentieth Century Political Theory
POL 279 Radical Thought from Karl Marx to George Bush
POL 289 Theories of American Democracy
POL 300 Advanced Topics
POL 363 DigitalNetworks
POL/INRL 366 Islamic Political Thought
POL 368 Contemporary Political Theory
POL 370 African American Political Thought
POL 378 What Is Socialism?

Methods Courses
POL 361 Quantitative Research Methods
POL/INRL 371 Qualitative and Interpretive Research Methods

CROSSLISTED COURSES
ASN 110 Himalayan Challenges
LTAM 225 Inside the New Cuba
INRL 205 Capitalism

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
POL 110 Introduction to American Politics This course examines the capability of the American political system to respond to the needs of all its citizens. It looks at historical origins, basic institutions, distribution of power, popular influence, political parties, social movements, the relationship of capitalism to democracy, and inequalities based on class, race, and gender. (Lucas, Passavant, Quish, offered each semester; subfield: AMER)

POL/INRL 140 Introduction to Comparative World Politics An ambitious introductory course, aimed at teaching students basic theoretical and empirical concepts necessary for comparison across the world's political systems. Student will be introduced to the fundamental tenets of diverse political and economic systems and ideologies, explore the foundations of political order and disorder (including discussions of nationalism, state-building, globalization, revolution, and more), and consider the myriad ways in which relationships between state, society, and market are ordered. Theoretical discussions will be supplemented with empirical case studies from around the world. Combining theoretical insights with political, social, and economic history and current events will help students as they endeavor to understand just why it is that the world's political systems are organized the way they are. (Ost, Philbrick Yadav, offered each semester; subfield: COMP)

POL 160 Introduction to Political Theory This course reads classical political theory from the Ancient Greeks through the early modern period in England. The class introduces students to some of the major themes through which politics and political life have been understood. Beginning with Thucydides, it examines the virtues and values of the ancient world with attention to the dilemma between justice and expediency. Continuing with Plato and Aristotle, it considers justice, reason, and the good in the context of life in the polis. The course ends with the challenges Machiavelli's and Hobbes' notions of power present for the presumption of an original human sociality, for the emergence of liberal ideals of individual autonomy and national sovereignty. (Dean, offered annually; subfield: TH)

POL 175 Introduction to Feminist Theory This course introduces students to key ideas in American feminist thought. Juxtaposing the concerns motivating first, second, and third wave feminists, the course highlights changes in the politics of bodies, gender, and identities. How is it, for example, that some second wave feminists sought to politicize housework while contemporary feminists are more likely to concern themselves with complex articulations of sexuality, pleasure, and autonomy? The course situates these changes within their social, economic, and historical contexts.Course materials include films, popular culture, memoirs, and novels as well as important texts in feminist theory. (Dean, offered occasionally; subfield: TH)

POL/INRL 180 Introduction to International Relations As a broad introduction to the study of international relations (IR), this course is designed to give students an understanding of the basic concepts of world politics, an appreciation of the evolution of the current state system, and a sampling of various approaches and theories of IR. Readings come from primary documents, as well as a standard text. The course is grounded in an awareness of current events. Students examine how the lens used to view the world shapes understanding of the world, its problems, and possible solutions. (Dunn, Philbrick Yadav, offered every semester; subfield: IR)

POL 201 The Politics of Climate Change This course focuses on the domestic political implications of the issue of climate change. That is, alongside the international negotiations, how is climate change affecting the domestic politics of individual nations? We will examine how climate change is translated through political systems, focusing on the US case. What explains the contemporary positions of the US government with respect to climate change? We will look at the process of political discussion leading to changes in public opinion, and also how these opinions are filtered through various organized forms of political participation. We will then look at the institutional structures - international and domestic - that channel public opinion and political participation, and enforce policy decisions. In tracing this process for the issue of climate change, we also establish a broad understanding of how institutions translate preferences into outcomes. Finally, we discuss how climate change as a political issue helps shed light on how democratic systems relate to ultimate ethical goals. (Staff, offered occasionally; AMER, IR)

POL 204 Modern American Conservatism One of the most significant factors in American politics over the last 40 years has been the rise of the Right in the United States. Although there has long been a tradition of an active Right in the U.S., it was for the most part politically marginalized. Over the last 25 years it has been increasingly successful and influential. This is especially true for the Religious Right or Christian Right. What happens to the post-William Buckley, post-/Ronald Reagan Right will be a major focus of this course. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 207 Governing Through Crime Over the last thirty years, the United States has experienced an exponential rise in both the numbers of people incarcerated and the rate of incarceration. Some analysts are beginning to see comparisons between the U.S. and the Soviet gulag or apartheid South Africa in terms of the percent of the population imprisoned. Until the 1970s, criminal justice policy was seen as the domain of policy experts, while courts increasingly sought to protect the due process rights of those accused of crimes. At the end of this era, the administration of the death penalty was declared unconstitutional and considered to be anachronistic, if not "barbaric." Then something changed. Today, it is said, we are a society that governs through crime. (Passavant, offered alternate years; subfield: AMER)

POL/INRL 208 Gender and Politics in MENA This course will provide an overview of the politics of gender in the contemporary Middle East and North Africa, including the Arab countries, Iran, Israel, and Turkey. Topics covered will include women's engagement in revolutions, political parties, monarchical government, and resistance movements; state intervention into questions of gender, including family law, inheritance and citizenship rights, dress codes, laws regulating sexuality, and state feminism; and women's and feminist movements, including peace movements, Islamist feminisms, pro-democracy activism, and diasporic feminism. In particular, it will analyze recent and current revolutionary transformations in the Middle East and North Africa, in light of the ways that gender intersects with them. (Philbrick Yadav, offered occasionally; subfield: COMP)

POL 212 Media and Politics We live in a world of mediated political realities. Like Plato's prisoners in the cave, we see only shadows, not realities. Yet these shadows have become our reality, through the power of the mass media. This, of course, raises a fundamental question about our ability to be self-governing when our understanding of politics is determined not by the events themselves, but by those who create and report them. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 215 Racial and Ethnic Politics This course examines the historical and contemporary relationship between ethnic minority and majority groups in the American political system. The course looks at the use and effectiveness of political and social power in shaping American race relations and the ability of alternative methods to change those relations. The focus of the course is largely on the relationship between U.S. society and African-Americans, but Asian-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, and Native Americans are also covered. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 222 Political Parties Despite early skepticism and modern contempt, political parties have become integral components of the American political process. This course examines the historical and contemporary functions ofAmerican political parties in the context of the wishes of the American public, the desires of political officials, and the needs of the nation. It outlines the operational, functional, and electoral factors that shape the American party system. The course further examines the role and challenges of third parties in the U.S. (Lucas, offered annually, subfield: AMER)

POL 229 State & Local Government This course is concerned with the structures, functions, and politics of state governments. It highlights the similarities and differences that characterize the 50 states. It examines the historical and constitutional roles of the states; the role of the states in the federal system; and variations among the states in regard to economic characteristics, citizen attitudes, voter participation, political parties, and public policy. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 238 Sex and Power The overwhelmingly male bias in the American political system raises fundamental questions about equity, justice, and the representation of all interests. The feminist movement, in an attempt to answer some of these questions, has in effect redefined politics itself, fundamentally altering the terms of the debate. This course uses the framework that "the personal is political" to critique the American political system from a variety of feminist perspectives. Specifically, the course focuses on the issues of the sexual revolution, rape and pornography, and the sexuality debates within the feminist community. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 243 Mystery of East Central Europe East Central Europe has always been a place to explore big questions. The region has been at the center of the world's major political developments - nationalism, imperialism, fascism, communism, democratization, and global capitalism - and also its culture: there is no "western culture" without the contributions from the region's writers, artists, and intellectuals. How can a small region contribute so much to the world? This course not only explores the mesmerizing past and present of a fascinating part of the world, but uses that to understand "us," too - because so many aspects that emerge there become prevalent in more western societies soon afterwards. The focus of the course will be on Poland and Hungary (with forays into Ukraine, the Baltic republics, Czechia and Slovakia), and the concepts of nation, class, and gender. We look at processes of state and nation building; the impact of religion and minorities (including Jews and anti-Semitism); the impact of class conflicts; and the role of gender-based social movements as well as traditionalist backlashes against them. We inquire into the nature of post communist democracy, and we look also at a variety of public policies, concerning child and family policy, and internet policy. We also explore the transformative impact East Central Europe has had on the European Union. (Ost, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP).

POL 244 Immigration and Diversity in Europe This course looks at European politics from the perspective of migration and minorities. For hundreds of years, European countries dominated much of the world through colonialism and imperialism but tried to keep their subjects 'over there.' Ever since the post-WWII period, when a war-devastated Europe needed new laborers to rebuild, that began to change, rapidly. Today, Europe is increasingly diverse, like the United States, but without much practice in how to democratically manage the diversity. The result has been both remarkable success in easing traditional inner-European tension, and increased hostility to so-called 'others' without European roots, even though so many so-called 'others' are born and raised in Europe. Both of these tendencies were on full display in the 2015 'refugee crisis,' which saw over a million migrants fleeing war seeking refuge in Europe. While nationalist tensions were leading to the rise of an exclusionary radical right politics before 2015, this has become even more prominent since. This course will explore differences between European and American traditions of nationalism, look at the deep roots of Islam and 'non-whiteness' in Europe, show how Europe became multi-ethnic in the last several decades (and the benefits this brought), and then tackle causes of the current crisis and different perspectives on how current conflicts might be resolved. Aside from books on 20th century Europe and the 2015 refugee crisis, specific readings look at France, Britain (and Brexit), and eastern Europe, focusing not on their histories but on immigration policy, managing (or not) increased diversity, and the political consequences of the different choices made.

POL 245 Politics of the New Europe This course studies the evolution of postwar Europe - from radicalism to globalism, the welfare state to Blairist Thatcherism, Stalinism to the fall of the Berlin wall, American domination to the rise of the European Union. The focus of the course is the rise and fall of class politics. It explores what capitalism and socialism have meant to Europe, and contrasts European with U.S. politics. Topics include the crisis of prewar Europe, Keynesianism and communism, the meaning of 1968, radicalism, populism, the new right, and the New Europe. (Ost, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP)

POL/INRL 248 Politics of Development This course examines contending historical and contemporary explanations for the phenomenon of entrenched global poverty and critically assesses proposed policy solutions to ending absolute poverty in our time. The courses contrast micro-level approaches, which seek to build an "inclusive capitalism" through the extension of property rights and the enhancement of individual capacity with macro-level approaches that seek to restructure the international regime on debt relief and international development organizations. (Yadav, offered alternate years; subfields: IR, COMP)

POL/INRL 249 Protests, Movements, Unions This is a course in "unconventional" politics around the globe. In recent years, movements have become an inexorable part of the current political system. What are movements? How and why do they come about? What are their aims and purposes? How have movements changed over the past century? Why and when do movements become revolutions? Topics include the Russian Revolution, the lure of communism, the civil rights movement in the U.S., the struggle against communism in Eastern Europe, transnational social movements, and the "alternative globalization" movement. The course also includes theoretical social science readings on the causes, nature, and consequences of protests and movements. (Ost, offered alternate years; subfields: AMER, COMP)

POL/INRL 254 Globalization This course looks at five themes: global economics, global migration, global civil society, global human rights, and global institutions. Students examine how international mobility of both capital and labor transforms both lives and politics, and in different ways in different places. Questions include: Why do jobs and people go abroad? Who does it help and who does it hurt? What are the politics of the Caribbean nanny in the middle-class New York home? How does globalization weaken the state, and why is that so dangerous for democracy? Can transnational civil activism make things better? Can the UN or World Bank do a better job? Do "global human rights" exist? Should they? (Ost, Yadav, offered alternate years; subfields: COMP, IR)

POL 255 Latin American Politics I This course examines how politics in Latin American countries have been shaped by their differing historical role in supplying raw materials for First World consumption, tracing how the production of various crops (coffee, bananas, wheat) or goods (tin, beef) have led countries to develop different social structures and corresponding political systems. It also considers how recent efforts by social groups (women, indigenous people) to gain a greater voice in government have been both inspired and impeded by neoliberal reforms. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: COMP)

POL 257 Russia/China Resurgent This course explores the evolution and transformation of these two great powers over the last century. Students begin with trying to understand communism, through a close look at Soviet practices for building the "new society." Students follow Russia's trajectory from superpower to beleaguered nation, then turn to parallel developments in China and the reverse evolution from struggling nation to potential world power today. Why has China evolved so differently than Russia? What do the differences mean for the people who live there? What do these experiences tell about the nature of communism? What do they tell about America with its historic fears of communism? (Ost, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP)

POL/INRL 258 Comparative Politics of the Middle East This course explores the complex and shifting relationships between state and society in the late colonial and post-colonial Middle East. Paying particular attention to questions of state- building and development, it explores the ways in which state legitimacy is variously supported and challenged by alternative sites of authority in society. Course topics will address a variety of secular and religious movements, the role of state and anti-state violence, and the impact of economic and cultural globalization, among others. (Philbrick Yadav, offered annually, subfield: COMP)

POL/INRL 259 African Politics The course traces the evolution of the African state from its colonial creation to its modern day "crisis" through an examination of how political, economic and social considerations have shaped and transformed African politics. The first section of the course examines the historical creation of contemporary African polities from the era of European colonization. In the second section, attention is paid to the creative solutions that African societies have employed as a response to both unique and universal problems of governance. (Dunn, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP)

POL 264 Legal Theory This course addresses the relationship between liberalism and democracy, as well as the question of law's relation to justice. The course engages in a critical inquiry into the values and weaknesses of law as a mechanism for seeking justice. Among the questions asked: is it possible or desirable for independent law to serve as a neutral ground for resolving conflict? What is the value of rights? Is liberal law inclusive and tolerant of diversity? Is democracy? Should we aspire to tolerance and diversity? What is democracy and does liberalism assist or hinder it? Should we assist or hinder democracy? Should we seek to escape the limits of law in order to do justice? (Passavant, offered alternate years; subfield: TH).

POL 265 Modern Political Theory Reading texts from Locke through Nietzsche, this course considers the relation between freedom and slavery in modern European and American political theory. It interrogates the notion of the autonomous subject and the idea of instrumental reason that animates it. Additionally, it reads the self-criticism that is always part of the Enlightenment tradition for alternative conceptions of equality, interconnection, and human flourishing. (Dean, offered annually; subfield TH)

POL 267 20th Century Political Theory This course focuses on key problems in 20th century political theory. The 20th century was marked by extreme violence - two world wars, the use of atomic weapons, genocide on a mass scale - as well as grand experiments in participatory government, extensions of basic rights, and developments in technology and science. As the century ended, some theorists claimed that ideology had ended as well; they argued that one version of human flourishing, one based in economic markets, had clearly triumphed. Other theorists were deeply critical of the claim for the end of ideology as well as of the association of markets and flourishing, not to mention of the suppositions that technologies were unambiguously beneficial and that rights were the best ways to secure freedom. Readings will vary by term but will be chosen from key texts from European and American political theorists and their critics, for example, Freud, Lenin, Gramsci, Simone de Beauvoir, Habermas, Hardt and Negri. (Dean or Passavant, offered annually; subfield: TH)

POL 280 Contemporary International Relations This course examines contemporary issues within world politics, usually by developing a case specific focus. Such topics may include the Middle East conflict, political transitions in central Asia, or other current issues of the day. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: IR)

POL/INRL 281 Politics of South Asia This course provides an introduction to the major contemporary political issues and trends in the region of South Asia (i.e. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka). The first half of the course examines topics of concern in the largest South Asian country, India. The second half of the course is organized thematically to address issues of nuclear and conventional security; state failure and civil war; terrorism; poverty and development; trade and investment; human security and gender discrimination; regional integration; and environmental concerns. (Yadav, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP, IR)

POL/INRL 283 Political Violence Conflict has been a central issue in the relations among states since the advent of the modern nation-state system. Well before Sept. 11, 2001, terrorism had become a central feature of how conflict has been expressed in the modern international system. This course examines the causes of terrorism, the ways in which individuals and social groups have chosen to wage terrorism, the goals they have established, and the ways in which political and military leaders have chosen to engage in counter-terrorist strategies. Using specific case studies, the course compares the motivations and implications of ethno-nationalist terrorism, political terrorism, and religious terrorism, and the future of terrorism in a post-Sept. 11 world. (Dunn, offered alternate years; subfield IR)

POL/INRL 285 International Policitics of the Middle East This course examines international politics in the Middle East in the late colonial and post-colonial periods, focusing on the relationships between states, societies, and markets. Placing particular emphasis on the many ways in which the high politics of states shape the lived experiences of different communities in the region, it works within existing theoretical frameworks in International Relations that envision politics as influenced by shifting constellations of interests, ideas, and institutions. (Philbrick Yadav, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP, IR)

POL 289 Theories of American Democracy This survey of American democratic theory covers a variety of competing ideas about politics, political identities, and political institutions. The class examines not only such issues as the roles of states and markets, but also how to balance collective goods with individual freedoms, obligations to citizenship and charity, and how particular narratives and myths have structured an American national identity. Readings SPN American history from the Puritans to the ‘New Right,' from Benjamin Franklin to Malcolm X, and come in a variety of forms: e.g., manifestos, essays, speeches, memoirs, novels, Supreme Court decisions, and movies. (Quish, offered alternate years; subfield: AMER, TH)

POL/INRL 290 American Foreign Policy This course is an introduction to the study of American foreign policy. The first section provides an historical overview of American foreign policy since World War II, highlighting the important events, themes, and trends that have shaped - and continue to shape - the making and practice of American foreign policy. The second section explores the process of foreign policy making within the American political context. This section examines the "nuts-and-bolts" of how decisions are made and implemented. The third and final section presents key foreign policy issues facing the United States today. (Dunn; offered annually; subfield: IR)

POL 300 Advanced Topics This course examines a contemporary issue in depth, usually by developing a case specific focus.

POL/INRL 301 Politics of India This course examines the history, domestic politics, and international relations of the modern state of India. The course will focus on the democratic-federal institutions, political parties, social movements, ideologies and identities that shape the contemporary Indian polity as well as India's foreign policy in its region and globally. Prerequisite: POL 281 or ANTH 213 or Permission of Instructor. (Yadav, offered occasionally; subfield: COMP)

POL 303 Campaigns and Elections Even early in 2016, the presidential electional looks fascinating. Will it be Clinton versus Trump? Will the Republicans get themselves together and nominate a candidate other than Trump? Will Clinton become the first woman president? And what happens to the Senate and House? The Democrats only need four Senate seats to take it back. Of course, besides tracking what happens, we want to understand why. What do the results mean for where we are politically and where we are going? Prerequisite: POL 110. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 310 Midterm Campaigns and Election This class studies midterm campaigns and elections. They are important, of course, and often help one party solidify its power or another party take power. The next midterms will take place in 2018, and that will be the next time this course will be offered. Prerequisite: POL 110. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 324 American Congress This course examines Congress as a major institution within the American political system. It studies the constitutional, theoretical, and practical behavior of members of the legislative branch in relation to American public policy, other political institutions, and the American public at large. Particular attention is devoted to factors that influence congressional behavior and to examining the (in)ability of the legislative branch to effectively represent the nation. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Lucas, offered annually; subfield: AMER)

POL 325 American Presidency This course examines presidential powers from both historical and contemporary perspectives. It places the presidency within the broader analytical context of reform, the president's place in the constitutional order, and American political development. Presidential power will be assessed not only in terms of whether the presidency has the necessary resources to pursue presidential objectives, but also in terms of the potential danger that presidential power poses to broader democratic commitments. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Staff, offered annually; subfield: AMER)

POL 326 Urban Politics This course interrogates how American political and economic commitments have informed the urban experience. Specifically, the course examines the organization of urban governments, the relationship between local, state, and federal governments, and the concentration of power in urban settings, including the politics of segregation, suburbanization, and urban renewal. More specifically, this course considers these topics in terms of the challenges posed by American democratic commitments and gives special attention to "public" space (both material and figurative) as a necessary requirement for democratic practice. This is one of the core courses in the urban studies program. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfield: AMER)

POL 332 Constitutional Law This course is concerned with the nature and development of the United States constitutional structure. Emphasis is placed on the question of sovereignty, judicial review, the powers of national and state governments, limits on those powers, the right of privacy in relation to reproductive and sexual autonomy, congressional-executive relations, the courts and presidential power, and the law and politics of impeachment. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Passavant, offered annually; subfield: AMER)

POL 333 Civil Rights This course addresses the constitutional and statutory protection of civil rights in the United States. It studies the gradual recognition and enforcement of civil rights, recent retreats, and contemporary difficulties in the implementation of egalitarian principles that inform citizenship in a democracy. Substantive areas of focus include desegregation, voting rights, gender discrimination, discrimination based on sexual orientation, affirmative action, and the problems involved with proving discrimination that violates the Constitution. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Passavant, offered annually; subfield: AMER)

POL 334 Civil Liberties This course addresses how governments are obliged to act and the constitutional limits placed on the way governments may act. It analyzes key constitutional liberties like the right to counsel, the right against self-incrimination, freedom of religion, the "wall of separation" between church and state, and the freedoms of speech, press, and assembly. It also addresses the USA PATRIOT ACT's implications for civil liberties. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Passavant, offered annually; subfield: AMER)

POL 335 Law and Society Law and Society is a field that seeks to understand law as a socio-political phenomenon. Among the questions Law and Society asks include the question of law's impact on the ground, in the actual functioning of society. For example, the Law and Society movement has been interested in why there seemed to be a gap in the 1950s and 1960s between Supreme Court decisions ruling that racial segregation violated the Constitution ("law on the books") and the impact of those decisions in light of the almost total lack of integration in the Deep South for years thereafter ("law in action"). Topics may include access to justice, how law influences and is influenced by a cultural order, law and inequality, law and the government of gender, sexuality, or racialized subjects. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Passavant, offered alternate years; subfield: AMER)

POL 348 Racisms, Class, and Conflicts Why is racism so prevalent? What makes nationalism, anti-Semitism, or anti- Islamism such compelling "narratives" that so many people and countries adopt them? What purposes do racisms and hatreds serve? And why do class conflicts serve the cause of democracy better than identity conflicts do? This course explores the role that organized conflicts and hatreds play around the world, the ways they are used to gain power, consolidate nations, legitimate domination, secure dignity (at others' expense), or deflect attention. Polities cannot do without conflicts, but how these conflicts are organized has profound implications for how inclusive, or not, the political system will be. We explore histories of racist thought, and politicized animosities such as racisms in the US, anti-Semitism in Europe, ethnic conflicts in Africa, apartheid, anti-Chinese campaigns, anti-Islamism, as well as conflicts based on class. We will see hatreds less as psychological phenomena than political ones, which can be combatted on that level as well. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Ost, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP)

POL 361 Quantitative Research Methods This course focuses on the application of empirical, quantitative methodology to political analysis. The goal is to acquaint students with the analytical and statistical tools used to understand the political process, to evaluate various theories of politics, and to assess the cause-effect relationships within the political system. This course is designed to introduce undergraduate students to the basic principles of research design and analysis, and to provide them with the tools to do their own empirical research. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Lucas, offered occasionally; subfield: Methods)

POL/INRL 366 Islamic Political Thought The objective of this course is to introduce students to some of the major continuities and shifts in themes addressed by political theorists working within the Islamic tradition. The course will cover material from the medieval, early modern, and contemporary periods, principally through a reading of primary sources available in translation. Texts will include work by thinkers in the Arab Middle East, South and Southeast Asia, and Europe and North America, and we will examine debates in Islamic political thought under conditions of political autonomy, colonialism, and post-colonial global integration and disintegration. Substantive themes will include the development of a just political order, the struggle to reconcile reason and revelation (particularly in the perceived struggle between tradition and modernity), and topical debates over issues like human rights, equality, heresy and apostasy, war, and democracy. While this course is open to any junior or senior major in political science, a prior course in the Islamic religious tradition, Muslim history or politics, or political theory is strongly recommended before taking this course. Supplementary readings will be madeavailable for students without prior preparatory coursework. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Philbrick Yadav, offered occasionally; subfield: TH)

POL 368 Contemporary Political Theory This course reads key texts in European and American contemporary political theory. Themes include power, subjectivity, capitalism, organization, revolution, and resistance. Authors include Alain Badiou, Michel Foucault, Jacques Ranciere, and Slavoj Zizek. Prerequisite: one previous political theory course or permission of instructor. (Dean, offered occasionally; subfield: TH)

POL 370 African American Political Thought This course examines the political, economic, and social statuses of African Americans in American society, as depicted in the speeches and writings of distinguished African-American thinkers, scholars and artists, from slavery to the present. It explores some fundamental tensions in African-American thought that are manifest in diverse and seemingly contradictory solutions, such as accommodation vs. protest, emigration vs. assimilation, and separatism vs. integration. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Staff, offered occasionally; subfields: TH, AMER)

POL/INRL 371 Qualitative Research Methods What is politics? Is there a science of politics? Ought we to strive towards a science of politics? This course looks at how social scientists have come to understand the world of politics. How and why is it that the questions we ask shape the answers we find? We look at empirical theories, linguistic theories, philosophy of science, phenomenology, critical theory, and other approaches to the study of politics. The goal is to enable students to become more sophisticated and critical in their understanding of politics. Prerequisite: a 100- or 200-level POL course or by permission of instructor. (Philbrick Yadav, offered alternate years; subfield: Methods)

POL 378 What is Socialism? In the last couple of years, the term 'socialism' has suddenly been injected into American political discussions. For many decades serving only as a derogatory epithet, it is now presented as a legitimate alternative to mainstream politics. So what exactly does socialism mean? And why have there been so many different answers to this question? Socialism has been both an ideology of protest, and a philosophy of governing. It has motivated artists philosophers, activists, and politicians, throughout the world. Yet it has meant so many different things. This course will look at the history of the concept, and of the policies that socialists have proposed. It looks at a variety of socialist experiments around the world, from early 'utopians' through the revolutionaries in Russia with a long look at social democracy in Scandinavia as well as socialist innovations in Africa and Latin America. We look especially at the history of socialism in the United States, including the legacy of the Socialist Party, the Communist Party up to today's Democratic Socialists of America (DSA) and the policy proposals of Bernie Sanders. We discuss both the utopianness and the practicality of socialist experiments, and ask also what if anything 'national socialism' has to do with socialism. While a course in Political Science, it is open to serious and interested students from all departments.

POL 379 Radical Thought: Karl Marx to George Bush This course examines left and right radical thought of the past 150 years. Students read the left radicals Marx and Lenin and anti-Soviet leftists such as the Frankfurt School and Sartre, as well as the anomalous approach of the anarchists and Freud, who influenced both left and right thinkers. Students then examine right-wing radicalism, reading the work of influential fascists, followed by postwar American radical thought. On the left, that means Herbert Marcuse's New Left classic One Dimensional Man, Fanon and "Third Worldism," and the re-embrace of liberalism with the discovery of "civil society." On the right, that means the rise of the neoconservatives, from Allen Bloom to William Kristol, both important influences on George Bush and his entourage. Finally, students look at left responses to neo-conservatism, from Russell Jacoby to Zizek. (Ost, offered occasionally; subfield: TH)

POL/INRL 380 Theories of International Relations Why do states act the way they do? How do we explain conflict and cooperation between states? What about non-state actors, from terrorist networks and drug cartels to international organizations? How have social forces such as gender and race impacted the development of world politics? The objective of this course is to expose students to a wide range of theories and approaches to the study of international relations. Students will examine how the lens we use to view the world shapes our understanding of the world, its problems and possible solutions. Prerequisite: POL 180. (Dunn, offered annually; subfield: IR)

POL/INRL 387 States and Markets This course investigates and problematizes the role of the state in promoting rapid economic growth and development. Specifically, students will focus on understanding and critiquing the fierce debate between developmental state theorists, neo-liberal economists, and the market-enhancing synthesizers. The course will deal alternately with different specific cases and countries, including the Tiger Economies and the Big Emerging Asian Markets, comparative European economies, and the emerging Russian developmentalist state. (Yadav, Ost, offered alternate years; subfield: IR, COMP)

SEMINAR DESCRIPTIONS
POL 400 Seminar Majors in political science must enroll in a seminar their junior year and a seminar their senior year. The seminars address a range of topics, often in accordance with the current scholarly interests of the political science faculty. Therefore, the topics do vary as they address timely issues of research in the field. What unites the seminars is their pedagogy. There is a focus on student participation, and the workload is substantial. Typically, students will read a book a week (or the equivalent in articles). The main assignment in the Junior Seminar is a "literature review" on a topic of the student's choosing. The purpose of the Junior Seminar is to give students an opportunity to acquire the skills for conducting independent research. It is intended to provide the foundation of a "capstone experience" in the study of Political Science for our majors. For some, Junior Seminar research becomes a first step towards an Honors project. Junior Seminars are generally limited to political science majors, unless there is available space and the professor approves the course for a non-major. Prerequisite: a 300-level POL course. Open to Junior POL majors only. (Staff, offered every semester)

Seminar Topics Include:

  • Political Theory and Climate Change This seminar will consider how we think about climate change. What views of nature, society, change, and action structure our approach to (and avoidance of) people's relation to the earth's changing climate? We will discuss the limits that the supposition that there is no alternative to capitalism places on our ability to imagine collective responses to the warming climate. We will evaluate the narratives and assumptions regarding what can and cannot be accomplished through organized action. We will consider the debate over concepts such as the "Anthropocene" and the "capitalocene." We will wrestle with the appeal of apocalyptic gestures of withdrawal that wallow in catastrophism and despair. Authors include Naomi Oreskes, Timothy Morton, Christian Parenti, Adrian Parr, Jane Bennett, Naomi Klein, Bruno Latour, Jason Moore, and others. (Dean)
  • The Idea of Communism In recent years, the idea of communism has returned as a central concern of critical theory. A number of contemporary theorists are endeavoring to reinvigorate the category, connecting it with a critique of capitalism as well as with changes in technology and property. This course will focus on the contemporary debate, while anchoring the debate in some of the classic work of the communist tradition. It will consider the relationship between the philosophical idea of communism and the political history of communism. It will ask which categories from previous centuries (class struggle, bourgeoisie, dictatorship of the proletariat) remain useful and which require revision, abandonment, and supplement. (Dean)
  • Popular Music, Globalization and Political Critique What are the complex processes of cultural transmission and transculturation at play within the spread of popular music, particularly within the global-local intersection? How are popular musical forms related to the processes of globalization? Is there a possibility of political critique, or even resistance, to be found in popular musical forms and their related subcultures? What are limitations of popular music as a form of political critique and resistance? This seminar seeks to investigate these and other questions concerning Western popular musical forms and their concomitant subcultures. (Dunn)
  • Sex and Race in International Relations Across the globe, men tend to define and direct the various elements of international relations. Men predominate in international security apparatuses and in the conduct of war, the global economy continues to be based on a relatively rigid gender division of labor, and despite recently becoming accepted as citizens, women continue to be underrepresented in the corridors of political power. For many, gender is a constitutive force enabling security practices, global capitalism, and power politics. In other words, gender makes possible current international political and economic practices. Despite the importance of gender, the field of international relations has only recently begun to take it seriously. This seminar introduces students to contemporary feminist interventions into the field of international relations. Students will engage with some of the major theoretical strands of feminist thinking and survey contemporary literature in the sub-fields of political economy, global governance, and security studies. It seeks to enable students to look at international relations through a feminist lens, and to help them explore what it means to do feminist work within international relations. (Dunn)
  • Partisanship in the 21st Century Since the early 1980s, there has been a remarkable upsurge in the level of partisan polarization in American discourse. Party voting in both chambers of Congress, in national and state elections, and in policy and ideological preferences has increasingly split the country along Democratic and Republican lines. Despite calls for more compromise and less division, the American public nevertheless continues to return these polarized forces to Washington every year. The goal of this course is to examine the factors that have fostered contemporary polarization in the electorate and among elected officials. This seminar looks at the role of a variety of socioeconomic groups within each political party, and examines how those groups relate to and influence the country's partisan divides. (Lucas)
  • America Voted? Patterns and Assessments of Voting Since the founding of the United States, the nation has at least rhetorically placed considerable emphasis on the value and importance of citizen participation in the electoral process. Admittedly, in its initial decades, the United States restricted voting to property-owners. Nonetheless, over the last century the country systematically has removed many of the barriers to voting. Despite these efforts, voter turnout rates for the U.S. remain staggeringly—and disappointingly—below our democratic counterparts. Likewise, while arguments have suggested that more educated, better off, and more politically aware citizens are more likely to participate, the nation has witnessed an increase in educational and economic well-being associated with decreased political participation— and a related decline in voter turnout. The goal of this seminar is to examine the significance and importance of voting to the American identity and the reasons that help to explain why Americans vote—and don't vote. The course examines systematic, institutional, ideological/opinion, and sociological factors that influence the decision to vote or not in the United States. (Lucas)
  • Varieties of Capitalism There has been a lot of discussion lately about whether a "different kind of system" is possible. This seminar will explore differences in the political economy of capitalist systems already out there in the world today. Ideally suited for students who have done work in comparative politics/political economy, this seminar will explore the historical and institutional evolution of different capitalist systems, as well as compare and assess the ways they operate today. This is not an economics course, so the focus will be on the rules by which different capitalist systems are governed, with a particular focus on business-labor interaction, industrial relations, and comparative welfare states. While there will be a regional focus on European capitalisms, as well as on differences between America and Europe, the course will also explore varieties outside the capitalist "core." What exactly do Asian capitalisms do differently? What are some new models in India and Latin America? Does social democracy have a chance in the Third World? Finally, while many observers have come to doubt the importance of labor movements in shaping the political system, we read one recent account that looks at the changing role of labor in global society over the last century. Readings include Hall & Soskice, Varieties of Capitalism; Thelen, The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan; Hacker, The Great Risk Shift; Sandbrook et. al., Social Democracy in the Global Periphery; Pierson & Castles, The Welfare State Reader; Silver, Workers Movements and Globalization Since 1870. (Ost)
  • Protest: Politics and Policing This seminar explores political expression through protest, civil disobedience, riots, and other forms of collective action. It examines changes in law, policing, political economy, and political culture that contain, suppress, or displace forms of popular political expression from public spaces. Have the rights of free speech and assembly become detached from practices of democracy? Is a post-democratic political order taking shape? (Passavant)
  • Crisis and Contemporary Politics: Theory and Action The late 1960s and 1970s registered a number of crises in the United States (as well as other western parliamentary democracies). These crises might include a crisis of legitimacy, a crisis of democracy, a "crime" crisis, the urban fiscal crisis, and a crisis of the family, among others. How were these crises related to questions of race, protests, and the urban riots of the 1960s? How were they related to the crisis around sex and gender? How were they related to the crisis in the transformation of capitalism and rise of neoliberalism? How were the elections of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan reactions to these crises? The responses to those crises of the 1960s and 1970s have shaped contemporary politics and policy in the United States. Nevertheless, in contemporary politics, a sense of crisis proliferates and seems overwhelming. Among contemporary crises, one might consider a state of indefinite financial crisis, a climate crisis, a mental health crisis, and a sense that the political system itself is in a state of crisis such that it cannot respond to the crises that seem to overwhelm us. In other words, the very capacity of collective self-government seems to be in crisis today. (Passavant)
  • Emergency! This seminar deals with a major challenge faced by liberal democracies and republics: what to do in the case of an emergency? Should constitutions explicitly provide for states of emergency where the latter will be used to suspend the laws and rights that govern under normal conditions? This course will examine how constitutional theory and public law scholarship have treated the question of "states of exception" or "emergencies." The course will also examine how the United States constitutional system and its political tradition have treated states of emergency. The course will examine not only political or military emergencies, but other emergencies—such as economic emergencies—as well. Finally, the course will examine U.S. law and politics post-September 11, both in light of twentieth century institutional development and in light of the public law concept of "emergency." Throughout, we will want to bear in mind certain questions, such as: Is a state of emergency a necessary provision for the security of the republic or liberal democracy? Is it possible to resort to states of emergency to meet temporary exigencies without producing a gradual slide towards tyrannical government? Do contemporary conditions require that emergency provisions become permanent? Is the concept of "emergency" descriptively useful for contemporary politics, or does "emergency" denote an alternative state or legal formation struggling to emerge against a previously established state or legal formation? Illustrative readings include John Locke, Second Treatise; Clinton Rossiter, Constitutional Dictatorship; Carl Schmitt, Concept of the Political; William Scheuerman, Liberal Democracy and the Social Acceleration of Time; Amy Zegart, Flawed by Design: The Evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC; Henry Giroux, Stormy Weather: Hurricane Katrina and the Politics of Disposability. (Passavant)
  • The Coming Insurrection? Italian Political Thought Today In the face of Italian political repression in the late 1970s, a movement for "autonomy" was born: autonomy from law, the state, and from the capitalist appropriation of labor's value. Opposed to centralized command and division, the movement for autonomy tried to imagine inclusive cooperation and how to update Marxism to account for postmodern conditions. Today, there is a proliferation of political theory being produced by Italian intellectuals that has been recently translated into English. These works indicate how influential the autonomy movement has been on a generation of thinkers, Marxist and non-Marxist, in Italy. With the 1998 translation of Giorgio Agamben's Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, and the 2000 publication of the academic blockbuster by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, Empire, Italian political thought is having a major impact on both academic theory in the United States (and elsewhere), and political activism as well. This seminar will introduce students to the major concepts and theorists writing in what is quickly becoming a significant genre of contemporary theory. Illustrative readings may include Sylvre Lotringer and Christian Marazzi, eds. Autonomia: Post-Political Writings; Giorgio Agamben, Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life; Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, Empire; Paolo Virno, A Grammar of the Multitude; Roberto Esposito, Bios: Biopolitics and Philosophy; The Invisible Committee, The Coming Insurrection. (Passavant)
  • Yemen: Politics of the Periphery At once on the periphery of the Arab Middle East and at the crossroads of Africa and the Indian subcontinent, Yemen serves as a crucible for evaluating some of the most basic concepts in comparative politics. This course will explore the shifting terrain of politics in Southern Arabia from the 19th to 21st centuries as a means of exploring issues of sovereignty, legitimacy, and variations in the relationship between state, society, and market. Throughout the course, we will identify the conditions that have produced both demand for and challenges to Yemeni unity, expressed by a series of dual regimes in North and South Yemen (from Imamate and British protectorate, to "tribal state" and Marxist republic), their eventual unification under a democratic constitution. The course will conclude with an examination of post-unification challenges, ranging from the insurgency in the North and secessionist movement in the South, to impending water and refugee crises, and descent into war and fragmentation. (Philbrick Yadav)
  • Sovereignty The concept of sovereignty is at the heart of power; it is the basis for the legitimation of organizational domination and violence. The concept also provides a reasonably compelling (if incomplete) explanation for the shape of the international (dis)order. Nevertheless, despite its centrality to the study of politics, sovereignty remains a highly contested concept. On the one hand there is a belief in a particular (sectarian/secular and territorially delimited) variant of this concept that emerged and spread from early modern Europe to the rest of the world (primarily through imperialism and colonialism) as a universal ideal and aspiration of units within the modern state system. This camp has devoted its energies to debating the limits/flexibility of the concept (particularly in the face of seeming challenges from increased global flows) and outlining the logic that animates the concept by tracing its historical roots in medieval and ancient European political thought. On the other hand, sovereignty is viewed as epochal and negotiated within particular cultures. In this camp, the form and purpose of sovereignty is subject to dramatic ruptures, as well as convergences over time and space. The epochal camp regards sovereignty in any given society as a sedimented archaeological site to be carefully excavated and catalogued. Forms of state power (e.g. carceral, disciplinary, biopolitical, etc.) are to be distinguished and categorized in a typology through their differing effects on the sovereign subject. Moreover, the negotiations and deviations of the concept beyond the European sub-continent is not to be regarded as a failure to achieve an ideal but accommodations to an array of rival forces and distinct historical path dependencies. We will need to weave between the camps to best understand the complexity of the contemporary concept. The course will study and excavate the concept at two sites: India and Thailand. Although both countries share parts of a common Indic civilizational legacy, their unique historical trajectories since the European encounter facilitate comparisons that may elucidate important conceptual differences and evolutionary pathways. (Yadav)
  • Black Feminist Political Thought In 1982 Gloria T. Hull and Barbara Smith developed an anthology whose title made a profound statement about a common trend across the disciplines of history, literature, political science, and race/ethnic studies — All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us Are Brave. With that text, they launched a new field of study, Black Women's Studies. To this day, Black female scholars have fought for academic recognition both in disciplinary and interdisciplinary spaces. This course aims to revisit Black feminist political thought as it relates, struggles with & against, the field of political science. It will be organized thematically by the three Reconstructions: first — lead up to the Civil War & its aftermath; second — the rise of Jim and Jane Crow & the struggle for Civil Rights; and, third — the backlash against welfare & #BlackLivesMatter.

POL 450 Independent Study

POL 456 1/2 Credit Independent Study

POL 495 Honors