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COURSE CATALOGUE : CHEMISTRY

The chemistry curriculum is designed for students with a wide variety of interests and needs and is approved by the Committee on Professional Training of the American Chemical Society (ACS). The curriculum is designed so that students earn a degree that has prepared them for immediate employment as a chemist or for admission to a graduate/professional school. For students who are planning graduate work in chemistry, chemical engineering, biochemistry, or for those pursuing a career as a practicing industrial chemist, the B.S. or ACS-certified B.S. major in chemistry is highly recommended. Students interested in this program should plan their programs with the department chair as early as possible. Students who are planning to enter medical or dental schools are advised to take the following courses in chemistry: 110 and 120 (or 190); 240, 241, 320, and 348.

The Chemistry Department currently offers majors at the B.A. and B.S. degree levels, and a minor in chemistry. The B.A. includes required courses in general, organic, inorganic, analytical, and physical chemistry, junior and senior seminars, and one additional chemistry elective, along with cognates in math and physics.  The B.S. includes the same core as the B.A., as well as three additional chemistry electives, and an additional natural science course.  The more rigorous ACS B.S. contains a set of courses determined by the ACS. In order to be credited toward the minor or major, all departmental and cognate courses must be completed with a grade of C– or better. Credit/no credit options cannot be used for departmental or cognate courses. The chemistry department places a strong emphasis on faculty-student research and encourages all students to discuss the possibility of doing research with a professor. Opportunities to do so arise from paid summer internships or independent study and Honors projects.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR IN CHEMISTRY (B.A.)
disciplinary, 12 courses (11 courses if CHEM 190 is taken instead of 110 and 120) 
CHEM 110 and 120 (or 190), 210, 240, 241, 318, 320, 360, 460; one additional 300- or 400-level chemistry course, which may include CHEM 450, 490,or 495; MATH 130 Calculus I and MATH 131 Calculus II; and PHYS 150 Introductory Physics I. At least 6 courses must be unique to the major.  All courses for the major must be completed with a grade of C- or better. Students who enter HWS with credit for MATH 130 will be required to take another MATH class (above 131) or PHYS 160 to replace this requirement. CHEM 360 and 460 are 0.5 credit each.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR IN CHEMISTRY (B.S.)
disciplinary, 16 courses (15 courses if CHEM 190 is taken instead of 110 and 120)
CHEM 110 and 120 (or 190), 210, 240, 241, 318, 320,360, 460; four additional chemistry courses, two of which must be 400-level chemistry electives, one of which may include CHEM 450, 490, or 495; MATH 130 Calculus I and MATH 131 Calculus II; and PHYS 150 Introductory Physics I; one additional natural science course. At least 6 courses must be unique to the major.  All courses for the major must be completed with a grade of C- or better. Students who enter HWS with credit for MATH 130 will be required to take another MATH class (above 131) or PHYS 160 to replace this requirement. CHEM 360 and 460 are 0.5 credit each.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR IN CHEMISTRY (ACS B.S.)
disciplinary, 18 courses (17 courses if CHEM 190 is taken instead of 110 and 120)
CHEM 110 and 120 (or 190), 210, 240, 241, 318, 320, 348, 360, 437, 460; three additional chemistry courses, two of which must be from 422, 445, or 436, chemical research (may be CHEM 450, 490, 495 or summer research); MATH 130 Calculus I and MATH 131 Calculus II; PHYS 150 Introductory Physics I and PHYS 160 Introductory Physics II. At least 6 courses must be unique to the major.  All courses for the major must be completed with a grade of C- or better. Students who enter HWS with credit for MATH 130 will be required to take another MATH class (above 131) to replace this requirement. CHEM 360 and 460 are 0.5 credit each.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR IN CHEMISTRY
disciplinary, 6 courses (5 courses if CHEM 190 is taken instead of 110 and 120)
CHEM 110 and 120 (or 190), 240; one additional chemistry course at the 200-level; two additional chemistry courses from the 300- or 400- level, only one of which may include CHEM 450, 490, or 495. At least 3 courses must be unique to the minor.  All courses for the minor must be completed with a grade of C- or better.

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
CHEM 101 That's Cool!  Chemistry is Everywhere This course provides a platform for students to help them understand and appreciate the underlying science that surrounds them every day. Topics that will be covered will include nomenclature, understanding and using chemical equations, chemical bonding, atomic and molecular interactions. The course will also answer questions such as "Why do snowflakes always have six points?" More extensive topics that may also be covered will include environmental chemistry, atomic and nuclear chemistry, simple thermodynamics, the structure and function of macromolecules (such as nucleic acids and proteins), forensic chemistry, food chemistry, and the chemistry of fossil fuels and biofuels. These topics will be chosen in part based on the expertise of the instructor and on relevant and timely issues. The course will also allow students to develop qualitative and quantitative problem-solving skills. Two or three lectures a week, one of which will include a hands-on component in which students will conduct experiments in order to explore the scientific process. This course is not open to students who have taken or intend to take CHEM 110, or who must do so for their intended/declared major. (Spring, offered occasionally)

CHEM 110 Introduction to General Chemistry This course presents a survey of chemical concepts in the context of understanding technology that impacts our lives. Fundamental chemistry is illustrated by applications to air pollution (including global warming and ozone depletion), water pollution, energy production, nutrition, and drug design. Three lectures and one laboratory per week. This course prepares students for CHEM 120 and CHEM 240. No prerequisites. (Fall, offered annually)

CHEM 120 Intermediate General Chemistry A close look at qualitative and quantitative aspects of chemical reactivity. Questions concerning whether a reaction will occur and at what rate are explored. Does the reaction require heat or liberate heat? To what extent will the reaction proceed? Laboratory exercises illustrate these quantitative principles with various types of reactions. Three lectures and one laboratory per week. Prerequisite: CHEM 110. (Spring, offered annually)

CHEM 190 Accelerated General Chemistry This course is designed for first year students with a strong high school background in chemistry.  The course will begin with a brief review of the material covered in high school chemistry and then move on to more advanced topics.  Questions such as (1) whether a reaction will occur and at what rate, (2) does a reaction require heat or liberate heat ? (3) To what extend will a reaction proceed? and (4) How fast does a reaction proceed? will be explored.  In depth laboratory investigations will illustrate these quantitative principles with various types of reactions.  Three Lectures and one laboratory per week.  Prerequisite:  Two years of high school chemistry and a satisfactory score on the HWS chemistry placement exam or two years of high school chemistry  and a 5 on the AP chemistry exam. (Fall, offered annually)

CHEM 199 Introduction Fermentation Science Fermentation  can generically be defined as the process of the chemical breakdown of materials by microorganisms.  This course will present a broad introduction to fermentation science placed in a context of local relevance. Thematic topics will include brewing, wine making, and spirit production.  These topics will be explained through the lens of science, where chemistry and biology come together.  In these areas, students will learn about the concepts of chemical structures and reactions, pH, equilibrium, metabolism, extraction, and distillation.  Major themes of this course will be scientific literacy, questioning, and analysis.  Sampling of products will not be routine and may only be done by students 21 years of age or older. (Offered occasionally)

CHEM 210 Quantitative Analysis The first part of the course investigates aqueous and nonaqueous solution equilibria including theory and application of acid-base, complexation, oxidation-reduction reactions, and potentiometric methods of analysis. The second part of the course includes an introduction to spectroscopy, analytical separations, and the application of statistics to the evaluation of analytical data. Laboratory work emphasizes proper quantitative technique.  Prerequisite: CHEM 120 or 190 (Bowyer, Stennett, spring, offered annually)

CHEM 240 Organic Chemistry I This course is an introduction to the study of organic molecules, and includes structure, mechanism, reactions, synthesis, and practical methods for structure determination. The laboratory emphasizes learning modern techniques and the identification of compounds using spectroscopic methods. Prerequisite: CHEM 110 or 190 (Pelkey, Miller, offered annually)

CHEM 241 Organic Chemistry II This course is a continuation of CHEM 240 with an increased emphasis on mechanism and synthetic strategies. The main focus of this course is carbonyl chemistry, which is the foundation for a great many biochemical processes including protein, DNA, RNA, and carbohydrate biosynthesis and metabolism. Other topics include conjugation, aromaticity, and pericyclic reactions. The laboratory incorporates new synthetic techniques and analytical instrumentation, and includes formal reports upon the structure determination of unknown compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 240. (Pelkey, Miller, offered annually)

CHEM 260 Environmental Chemistry This courses explores all aspects of the chemistry of the environment, but emphasizes human impact on the atmosphere. For example, the ozone hole, acid rain, and global climate change will be studied in detail. Aerosols, colloids, and the importance of surfaces will also be explored. Pollution in water and soil, especially when impacted by the chemistry of the atmosphere, is introduced. Throughout the course, chemical processes are explained emphasizing kinetic and equilibrium models. Prerequisite: CHEM 110 or 190. (Offered occasionally)

CHEM 302 Forensic Science This course describes basic scientific concepts and technologies that are used in solving crimes. Students are introduced to a number of techniques such as mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, high performance liquid chromatography and electrophoresis. Descriptions of how these analytical methods are used in many facets of forensic science such as drug analysis; toxicology; hair, fiber, and paint analyses; and fingerprinting are summarized. Students also spend a few weeks of this course putting theory into practice by conducting hands-on experiments in the laboratory. Prerequisite: CHEM 240 or permission of instructor. (de Denus, offered occasionally)

CHEM 304 Bonding with Food Chemistry is a fundamental component of home and restaurant food preparation, as cooking is ultimately a series of complex chemical reactions. Chemistry is also essential to the production of food, from the most basic ingredients to the most elaborate grocery store offerings. An understanding of how society produces food, and how these practices are both regulated and manipulated, can be informed by an appreciation of the chemistry that underlies these techniques. This course begins by providing a background in food-related chemistry based on the foundation laid during introductory and organic chemistry, then applies this knowledge to the understanding of food production and policy. Students will design and perform experiments using food, research and write about issues of food production and policy, and communicate their feelings to each other and to the campus community. Prerequisites: CHEM 241 or permission of instructor. (Miller, offered occasionally)

CHEM 308 Chemistry of Art Our studies will begin with the fairly simple pigments of the Stone Age, work our way through the altered materials created in Egypt (esp. glass), then the Renaissance in Europe, all the way through modern art. The advanced chemistry of the materials themselves, their conservation, and especially the analytical techniques used to understand and identify materials will be the focus of the course. Chemical tools to recognize forgeries will be included. The course will be about 50% lecture. The other 50% will comprise reading primary literature, discussions, student presentations, and student projects. The course will include at least one field trip to a museum for a behind-the-scenes visit. Although the course does not have a separate laboratory component, there will be some lab activities and independent projects like making colored glass, recording spectra (IR and NMR) of materials (paper, oil paints, tempera, some pigments), chromatography of dyes, and synthesis of artificial pigments. Prerequisites: CHEM 240. (Offered occasionally)

CHEM 318 Inorganic Chemistry I A systematic survey of the principal reactions and properties associated with various groups and periods in the periodic table. A generally qualitative approach to preparation and properties of various classes of inorganic compounds such as: acids and bases, oxidation and reduction systems, complex ions, amphoteric oxides, and ionic compounds, and the quantitative manipulations of these systems. Laboratory. Prerequisite CHEM 120 or 190. (de Denus, offered annually)

CHEM 320 Physical Chemistry I This course offers a fundamental and comprehensive introduction to kinetics and thermodynamics. Thermodynamics is one of the most powerful tools of science as it is a systematic method for understanding the flow of energy and heat between macroscopic bodies. Thermodynamics focuses on understanding systems at equilibrium and is concerned only with the initial and final state of a system. Kinetics, on the other hand, deals with the time dependence of the molecular system and how quickly or slowly the reaction proceeds. This course also provides a review of various mathematic tools that are widely used in chemistry. Laboratory. Prerequisite: CHEM 120 or 190, MATH 131, and PHYS 150 or permission of instructor.  (Newby, fall, offered annually)

CHEM 325 Physical Biochemistry This course will introduce students to the behavior of biological macromolecules, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipid membranes, with an emphasis on their behavior within living cells.  Topics will include models that relate the chemical sequence of the biomacromolecule to its three-dimensional structure, the physical properties of biomacromolecules, the application of physical techniques to the study of biological systems with an emphasis on spectrographic methods (including circular dichroism, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and Foster Resonance Energy Transfer) and the innovative technological applications that have been developed using biomolecules. Prerequisite: CHEM 320. (Offered occasionally)

CHEM 326 Advanced Topics in Chemistry An in-depth study of topics of current research interest.  Topics may include: Molecular Spectroscopy, Computational Chemistry, Advanced Instrumentation, Advanced Synthesis, Nanotechnology, and Surface Chemistry.

CHEM 347 Advanced Organic Chemistry This course offers an advanced treatment of a selected group of topics in organic chemistry which could include: asymmetric synthesis, synthetic organometallic chemistry, combinatorial chemistry, solid-phase chemistry, heterocycles, carbohydrate chemistry, pericyclic reactions/frontier molecular orbitals, advanced spectroscopy, and/or natural products total synthesis. The emphasis of the course is to further understanding of fundamental concepts in organic chemistry including mechanism, structure, and/or synthesis. Prerequisite: CHEM 241 (Pelkey, Miller, offered occasionally)

CHEM 348 Biochemistry I The first part of this course involves the study of the structure, function, and physical properties of biological macromolecules. These include proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, with particular emphasis on the kinetics and mechanisms of enzyme catalysis. The second part of the course deals with carbohydrate metabolic pathways, principles of bioenergetics, electron transport, and oxidative phosphorylation. Laboratory. Prerequisites: CHEM 241, or permission of the instructor. CHEM 320 is highly recommended. (K. Slade, offered annually)

CHEM 360 Junior Seminar This course is a capstone experience that integrates knowledge learned in previous courses in the chemistry major, and will require students critically analyze and synthesize their knowledge. Unlike courses dedicated to a particular topic of chemistry, students will explore a number of contemporary topics in chemistry through readings of journal articles and textbooks, in class discussions and presentations, and by hosting outside speakers. Prerequisite: students must be a declared chemistry major in their junior year.

CHEM 422 Physical Chemistry II This course explores the realm of the electron, focusing on electron behavior at its most fundamental level. The course focuses on understanding quantum mechanics and how the interaction of radiation and matter gives rise to the spectroscopic instruments so crucially important in modern chemistry. Subjects discussed include wave mechanics, the harmonic oscillator and rigid rotator as models for vibration and rotation, chemical bonding and structure, approximation methods that allow quantum mechanics to be applied to large macromolecular systems, and various types of emission and adsorption spectroscopies. This course also reviews the mathematical tools necessary for understanding physical systems at the atomic and molecular level. Laboratory. Prerequisite: CHEM 120 or 190, MATH 131, and PHYS 150 or permission of instructor.  (Newby, spring, offered occasionally)

CHEM 426 Advanced Topics in Chemistry An in-depth study of topics of current research interest.  Topics may include: Molecular Spectroscopy, Computational Chemistry, Advanced Instrumentation, Advanced Synthesis, Nanotechnology, and Surface Chemistry.

CHEM 436 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry The descriptive chemistry of a wide variety of inorganic and organometallic compounds is unified with structure, bonding, and reaction mechanism concepts. Topics such as group theory, metal catalysis, ligand and molecular orbital theory, and bioinorganic chemistry are introduced. Laboratory work provides the opportunity to learn advanced techniques such as inert atmosphere synthesis, NMR, and electrochemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 318 or permission of instructor. (de Denus, offered occasionally)

CHEM 437 Instrumental Analysis Analysis is an important part of any chemical investigation. This course examines the theory and practice of typical modern instrumental methods of analysis with emphasis on electrochemical, spectroscopic, and chromatographic techniques. Laboratory. Prerequisites: CHEM 210 and 320. (Bowyer, offered occasionally)

CHEM 445 Organic Structural Analysis An introduction to the use of chemical and instrumental methods in the elucidation of the structures of molecules. Nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared, ultra-violet, visible, and mass spectroscopy are applied to the problem of structure determination. Prerequisite: CHEM 240. (de Denus, offered occasionally)

CHEM 449 Biochemistry II A continuation of CHEM 448, the first half of this course covers integrated intermediary metabolism of lipids, amino acids, and nucleic acids. The second half deals with chemical mechanisms of DNA replication, transcription, and translation. Special topics such as muscle contraction, mechanisms of hormone action, recombinant DNA, and neurochemistry are discussed. Laboratory. Prerequisite: CHEM 348. (Craig, K. Slade, offered annually)

CHEM 450 Independent Study

CHEM 456 ½ Credit Independent Study

CHEM 460 Senior Seminar his course is a capstone experience that integrates knowledge learned in previous courses in the chemistry major, and will require students critically analyze and synthesize their knowledge. Unlike courses dedicated to a particular topic of chemistry, students will explore a number of contemporary topics in chemistry through readings of journal articles and textbooks, in class discussions and presentations, and by hosting outside speakers. Students enrolled in CHEM 460 will also be required to create a portfolio of their work within chemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 360.

CHEM 490 Industrial Internship The internship offers students the opportunity to work on research and development in industrial settings in the Finger Lakes region. Students may elect to take one to three credits in a term. An effort is made to match each student with an industry corresponding to his/her interest. Student work is supervised both by a faculty member and by an industrial supervisor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. (Offered each semester)

CHEM 495 Honors (Offered each semester)

Preparing Students to Lead Lives of Consequence.