Fisher Center for the Study of Gender and Justice
Fisher Center 2020-2021 Speaker Series: What's in a Name?
"Black Lives Matter" or "All Lives Matter?" Global warming, climate change, or climate emergency? Translation, interpretation, or appropriation? Anthropocene, Capitalocene, or Chthulucene? She/he, ze, or they? Emancipation, decolonization, or liberation? Entrepreneuralism, precarity, or sharing economy? Prostitute, whore, or sex worker? Revolt, insurrection, or coup? Planet, ice planet, or ice dwarf? In 2020 – 2021, the Fisher Center wants to talk about how we talk about what we talk about. Names matter. We want to know when, where, why, and to whom.
The stakes regarding shifts in meaning and uncertain definitions -- of today’s language politics -- are high. In the seventeenth-century, the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes associated the instability of the meaning of words with civil war. He concluded that avoiding civil war required an absolute authority who would determine what words mean. Is our setting of globalized personal media where fake news seems to reign a contemporary digital version of Hobbes’s state of war? Or is this what democracy looks like? Can we communicate if we each have our own names for everything or is there something necessarily shared, common, and collective about names? If so, do names generate commonality or does commonality precede naming?
The Fisher Center is excited to consider projects that interrogate practices of naming and renaming. How do names become settled or attached to particular objects, persons, and places? Who gets to change them and by what means? How do aliases, pen names, user names, nicknames, pet names, anonymity, and multiple use names challenge conventional modes of identification? What sort of power relations and potentials for resistance do they open up? In what ways do names identify and in what ways do they mask or obscure? How are place names sites of political struggle? Projects might investigate the effects of labels, the histories of branding, the raced and gendered codings associated with proper names, the contestations effected by improper names.
Endowed to further the study of gender and justice in the liberal arts, the Fisher Center welcomes applications from researchers in the humanities, arts, sciences, social sciences, and performing arts that demonstrate commitment to interdisciplinary discussion and collective inquiry. We encourage proposals from a wide range of perspectives that reflect on the stakes of calling something one thing rather than another.
7 p.m., Zoom (Meeting ID: 980 1722 9790, Passcode: 908620)
Maggie Werner and Star Vanguri
Unpacking the Portmanteau: Blend Words as Ideographs
This presentation demonstrates the rhetorical aspects of the portmanteau (blend word) by examining the blend “Megxit,” used for a variety of reasons but most commonly to refer to the stepping back from royal duties by the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. We consider the significance of the name’s form (its structure as a portmanteau) and function (its use as a media-circulated term for an event), as well as its ideological value (the belief system it conveys). Drawing on Michael McGee’s conception of the ideograph as a “one-term sum” of an ideological orientation, we suggest that when portmanteaus function as ideographs—as Megxit does—they force conceptual associations between source terms that may not otherwise exist and present them in a playful and innocuous way, making the portmanteau an ideal form to disguise hate speech and racist ideology in a fun, media friendly package.
All Mod Cons: Conspiracy, Community, Consent
This presentation demonstrates the rhetorical aspects of the portmanteau (blend word) by examining the blend “Megxit,” used for a variety of reasons but most commonly to refer to the stepping back from royal duties by the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. We consider the significance of the name’s form (its structure as a portmanteau) and function (its use as a media-circulated term for an event), as well as its ideological value (the belief system it conveys). Drawing on Michael McGee’s conception of the ideograph as a “one-term sum” of an ideological orientation, we suggest that when portmanteaus function as ideographs—as Megxit does—they force conceptual associations between source terms that may not otherwise exist and present them in a playful and innocuous way, making the portmanteau an ideal form to disguise hate speech and racist ideology in a fun, media friendly package. The prefix con- that we see in many English words comes to us from a Latin root that means “together with.” (Etymologically speaking, a convention is a place where we “come together”; a collaboration is a project where we “work together”; a conspiracy is an occasion where we “breathe together”; and so on.) In this paper I consider how some of these “cons” might have resonated differently in Shakespeare’s time, in the earliest days of the modern era, than they do for us today. As a philosophical movement, modernity was inextricably linked to the rise of individualism, the birth of the subject, and the binary of subject and object. Our experiences of togetherness, I contend, were dramatically altered by the very premises of modernity. As we seek to put some of the worst elements of modernity behind us, I propose that there are valuable things to be learned from a reassessment of pre-modern togetherness.
7 p.m., Zoom (Meeting ID: 959 8065 9534, Passcode: 552849)
Pandemic Pharmaceuticals and Paradoxes of Ocean Governance
While environmentalists foretell the “ends of the ocean,” so-called Blue Economy policies tout the oceans’ abundance and depict a future in which biomedical innovation will bring human and ecological health into harmony. As biomedical industries embed lively marine materials ever more tightly into human health networks, these divergent ocean futures are becoming increasingly difficult to ignore — and reconcile. This presentation examines the tensions among conservation science, biopharmaceutical governance and economic policy with a focus on a nonhuman “savior” of the coronavirus pandemic: the horseshoe crab.
Iskandar "Izul" Zulkarnain
“What’s the Buzz?: Practices and Politics of Internet “Buzzers” in Indonesia
“Buzzer,” a term used to characterize an individual hired to amplify/attract attention to a certain message/product on social media, has come to the forefront in Indonesia’s public discourse, mostly due to its role in political campaigns, misinformation and disinformation. Focusing on overlaps in the construction of Indonesian buzzers and global micro-celebrity/influencer culture, this presentation frames the former as the “evil twin” of the latter with its own complexities specifically tied to the development of Indonesian digital culture. A look into the mechanism and “industrialization” of buzzers illustrates a shift in practices from marketing auxiliary to digital “dark op” foot soldiers. This presentation highlights the importance of considering the Indonesian buzzer phenomenon in light of its interconnections with cultural contexts specific to the country, rather than merely conflating it into the framework of internet influencers and micro-celebrities.
The 'F' Word: How Should We Talk About the Far Right?
7 p.m., Zoom (Meeting ID: 953 4845 6831, Passcode: 024344)
The January 6 coup attempt has newly enlivened debate about the applicability and appropriateness of the term "fascism" to describe some of the right-wing elements that sought to overturn the results of the 2020 election. What are the implications of longstanding historiographical controversies regarding the use and meaning of this term with respect to philosophical considerations about the meaning, explanatory power, and ethical import of "fascism" as a social category?
Vanessa Wills is assistant professor of philosophy at The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. and is on the editorial board of Spectre Journal. Her research focuses on how economic and social arrangements inhibit or promote the realization of values such as freedom, equality and human development.
Pracarity and subversion: the new language of radicalism
Contemporary capitalism has generated forms of suffering which the familiar language of injustice, centered on inequality and exclusion, fails to capture; to be genuinely radical, we need new categories, argues Albena Azmanova in her new book Capitalism on Edge: How Fighting Precarity Can Achieve Radical Change Without Crisis or Utopia. Dr Azmanova is Associate Professor of political theory at the University of Kent in Brussels. We will discuss some of the new categories she has introduced in her work: precarity, the metacrisis of capitalism, and pragmatic subversion as a strategy for radical change.
CONTAGION: COVID-19, the Outbreak Narrative, and Why We Need to Change the Story
7 p.m., Zoom (Meeting ID: 919 2260 0214, Passcode: 002682)
The way we talk about diseases has consequences. SARS-CoV-2 is the name of a pathogen—a diseasecausing microbe—but if COVID-19 is a “newly emerging infection,” it is also a newly emerging, though familiar, story: the latest version of “the outbreak narrative.” In this talk, Prof. Priscilla Wald will discuss how we imagine the threat and why we react so fearfully, and which problems merit our attention and resources. Wald is R. Florence Brinkley Professor of English and Professor of Gender, Sexuality, and Feminist Studies at Duke University. She is the author of Contagious: Cultures, Carriers, and the Outbreak Narrative (Duke University Press 2008) and Constituting Americans: Cultural Anxiety and Narrative Form (Duke University Press 1995). She is currently at work on a monograph entitled Human Being After Genocide.
Mercy Sherman, Willa Dow, Skye Morgan
7 p.m., Zoom
Woodworth fellows presentations (students).
Naming and Naked Protest: Naked Agency, Ndong, Genital Cursing, or Adjanou?
7 p.m., Zoom
A scholar of sexuality, race, biopolitics, and postcoloniality, Naminata’s research primarily explores African, African American, Caribbean, and Afro-Hispanic literatures, cultures, cinema, and new media.
X'unai Lance A. Twitchell (Du Aaní Kawdinóok)
Haa Saax'ú Tóonáx Woosh Wutudzikóo: We Know Each Other Through Our Names: Peoples, Places, and Identity in Indigenous Language Revitalization
7 p.m., Zoom
Lance A. Twitchell carries the Tlingit names X'unei & Du Aaní Kawdinook, and the Haida name K'eijáakw. He is from the Tlingit, Haida, and Yup'ik native nations, and speaks & studies the Tlingit language. He has an MFA in Creative Writing from the University of Alaska Fairbanks and a Bachelor of Arts in English with a minor in American Indian Studies from the University of Minnesota.
X'unei is a multimedia artist in poetry, fiction, drama, non-fiction, Northwest Coast Native design, and traditional & contemporary music. His grandfather Silas Dennis Senior was his first teacher, and his grandmother Dorothy Dennis lives in Skagway, Alaska, where Lance was born. He is an Assistant Professor of Alaska Native Languages at the University of Alaska Southeast, and lives in Juneau with his wife, son, and daughter.
The Fisher Center brings together faculty, students, and experts in gender-related fields in the arts, humanities, and social and natural sciences to foster mutual understanding and social justice in contemporary society.
Building upon their long-held commitment to interdisciplinary liberal arts education for men and women, both separately and together, Hobart and William Smith Colleges established (in 1998) the Fisher Center for the Study of Women and Men to support curricular, programmatic, and scholarly projects which address the question:
How do we more nearly realize, through our educational program, scholarship, and presence in the larger community, our democratic ideals of equity, mutual respect, and common interest in relations between men and women?
The Fisher Center Predoctoral Fellow application is available on the HR website.