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French is one of the most important European languages. It is spoken on five continents, and is one of the two official languages of the European Union, the second language of the United Nations, one of the national languages of Canada and the official language of many African countries. French is also enjoying a renaissance in Francophone areas of the United States. The French and Francophone Studies Department offers an integrated curriculum with courses in language, culture, and literature that reflect the rich diversity of the French culture throughout the world.
Most departmental courses are taught in French (FRE), and some courses in English (FRNE). Students in the French and Francophone Studies Department are strongly advised to study abroad in the programs sponsored by the Department: Rennes or Aix-en-Provence in France (every semester), Québec, Canada (every semester), or Saint-Louis, Sénégal (alternate years). Students in these programs will receive four departmental credits for courses taken abroad. These credits can be applied toward a major or a minor in French and Francophone Studies. All arrangements for off campus programs are made through the Center for Global Education.
The French and Francophone Studies faculty participate in programs with cross-listed courses in Africana Studies, American Studies, Comparative Literature, European Studies, International Relations, Media and Society, Middle Eastern Studies, and Women’s Studies. The department faculty also teach First-Year Seminars, and collaborate with their colleagues from other departments in multidisciplinary courses.
The French and Francophone Studies program offers a disciplinary major and a disciplinary minor, an interdisciplinary major and two interdisciplinary minors. The disciplinary major and minor consist entirely of courses from the department. The interdisciplinary minor “Concentration in French” is designed for students enrolled in language classes at any level who participate in the French program abroad.
The interdisciplinary Francophone Studies minor will interest students majoring in such fields as Anthropology, Studio Art, Art History, History, Economics, Environmental Studies, Political Science, Psychology, Education, and Women’s Studies.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DISCIPLINARY FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES MAJOR (B.A.)
disciplinary, 10 courses
All French courses numbered 226 or above count toward the major. No more than one French/Francophone literature or culture course taken in English may count toward the major. Courses must include: Two FRE 240-level courses (or equivalent); two FRE 250-level courses before the senior year; two FRE 300-level courses, one in the senior year; and three additional French or Francophone language, culture, or literature courses selected in consultation with the adviser. Upon declaring the major, the student may select a French or Francophone area of concentration. When declaring a disciplinary, students will begin a portfolio that they will formally present in the spring semester of their senior year. This major includes two possible tracks. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the major.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE TRADITIONS FRANÇAISES TRACK FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
disciplinary, 10 courses
FRE 241, FRE 244, FRE 251, and FRE 252, before the senior year; one Francophone course at the 200- or 300-level; two FRE 300-level French literature courses taught in French, one in the senior year; and three additional FRE electives selected in consultation with the adviser. French majors pursuing this track are strongly encouraged to pursue off campus study in France. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the major.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PARCOURS MUTICULTURELS TRACK FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
disciplinary, 10 courses
FRE 242, FRE 243, FRE 251 or FRE 252, and FRE 253, before the senior year; one French 200- or 300-level course; two departmental 300-level Francophone courses, one in the senior year; and three French and Francophone electives, selected in consultation with the adviser. French majors pursuing this track are strongly encouraged to pursue off-campus study in Sénégal. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the major.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INTERDISCIPLINARY FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES MAJOR (B.A.)
interdisciplinary, 14 courses
The sequence of courses consists of 1) eight departmental courses including two FRE 240-level courses; two FRE 250-level courses to be taken before the senior year; a minimum of two FRE 300-level courses, two French and Francophone electives selected in consultation with the advisor, and 2) six courses from other disciplines chosen in consultation with the advisor. No more than one French/Francophone literature and culture course taken in English may count toward the major. When declaring an interdisciplinary major, students will begin a portfolio that they will formally present in the spring semester of their senior year. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the major.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES MINOR
disciplinary, 6 courses
One FRE 240-level course; one Francophone course at the 200- or 300-level; and one 200- or 300-level French course. At least one of the FRE 200-level courses must be a FRE 250-level course taken before the senior year. Three additional FRE courses in consultation with the adviser. No more than one French/Francophone culture or literature course taught in English may count toward the minor. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the minor.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONCENTRATION IN FRENCH MINOR
interdisciplinary, 6 courses
This minor combines a semester abroad with courses taken before and after that semester in an uninterrupted sequence. Requirements include one or two courses in French preceding the semester abroad, a semester abroad and four courses in Aix-en-Provence or Saint Louis du Sénégal, or another French department program abroad, and one or two courses upon returning from abroad. The minor may begin at any level of language acquisition, including the 100- level. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the minor.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES MINOR
interdisciplinary, 6 courses
Six courses selected in consultation with the adviser. These courses will include one course at the French 240-level, one course at the French 250-level, the latter to be taken before the senior year; two courses in other disciplines approved by the adviser; and two additional FRE courses approved by the adviser. A semester abroad in Aix-en-Provence or Rennes, France; Quebec, Canada; Saint-Louis, Sénégal; Geneva, Switzerland; or Hanoi, Vietnam, is strongly recommended. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or higher. Credit/no credit courses cannot be counted towards the minor.
COURSES IN FRENCH
Level I: Fundamentals Language Skills
FRE 101 Beginning French I
FRE 102 Beginning French II
Level II: Intermediate Language Skills
FRE 120 Intermediate French I
FRE 130 Intermediate French II
Level III: Advanced Language Skills
FRE 226 French in Review I: Parler et comprendre
FRE 227 French in Review II: Lire et écrire
Culture and Literature
Level IV: Introduction to Culture and Literature
FRE 230 Senegal: An Orientation
FRE 241 Prises de Vues: Introduction to Contemporary France
FRE 242 Introduction to Québec Studies
FRE 243 Introduction to Francophone Cultures
FRE 244 Le Midi de la France
FRE 251 Introduction to Literature I: Mystics, Friends, and Lovers
FRE 252 Introduction to Literature II: Que sais-je?
FRE 253 Introduction to Literature III: Paris-Outre-mer
Level V: Advanced Culture and Literature
FRE 351 Francophone African Fiction
FRE 352 North African Literature: Narrative of Dissent and the Search for Identity
FRE 355 Francophone Caribbean Literatures
FRE 364 Voix Lyriques: From Baudelaire to Surrealism
FRE 380 Images de Femmes
FRE 382 French Theater
FRE 383 Topics in Middle-Ages and Renaissance
FRE 384 Topics in XVIIth and XVIIIth century
FRE 385 Topics in XIXth and XXth century
COURSES IN ENGLISH
FRNE 111 Them and Us: Diversity in Modern France
FRNE 211 Black African Literature: The Quest for Identity
FRNE 215 Existentialist Journeys
FRNE 218 Memory, Culture and Identity in French Caribbean Literatures
FRNE 219 Beyond Colonialism: North African Cinema and Literatures
FRNE 255 Modern French Theater
FRNE 341 Boulevard Saint-Germain: Beauvoir, Sartre, and Camus
FRNE 395 Race, Society and Culture in the Ancien Régime
CROSSLISTED COURSES (Interdisciplinary major and minor)
AFS 309 Black Cinema
AFS 310 Black Images/White Myths
AFS 461 Experience of Race
ANTH 110 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
ARTH 110 Visual Culture
ARCH 310 Early Modern Architecture
ARCH 311 Modern Architecture
ARTH 222 Women in Renaissance Art and Life
ARTH 232 Rococo Art and Architecture
ARTH 233 Renaissance Architecture
ARTH 240 European Painting in 19th Century
ARTH 255 French Roots of Modernism
ARTH 389 Rococo to Revolution
BIDS 206 Multiculturalism in Canada
BIDS 291 Medieval Art and Literature
BIDS 298 The Ballets Russes: Modernism and the Arts
DAN 210 Dance History I
ECON 233 Comparative Economics
ECON 311 Economics of Immigration
ENG 217 Chaucer
ENG 228 Medieval Comparative Literature
ENG 246 Globalism and Literature
ENG 249 The 18th-Century Novel
ENG 302 Post-Structuralist Literary Theory
ENG 318 Body, Memory, and Representation
HIST 103 Revolutionary Europe
HIST 223 Modern France
HIST 234 Medieval History
HIST 237 Europe since the War
HIST 264 Modern European City
HIST 325 Medicine and Public Health in Modern Europe
HIST 250 Medieval Popular Culture
HIST 253 Renaissance and Reformation
HIST 301 The Enlightenment
HIST 318 Making of the Individualist Self
HIST 375 Seminar: Western Civilization and its Discontents
LTAM 222 Caribbean Literature and Politics
MUS 203 Baroque and Classical Music
MUS 204 Romantic and Modern
PHIL 220 Semiotics
PHIL 230 Aesthetics
PHIL 372 Early Modern Philosophy
POL 140 Introduction to Comparative World Politics
POL 245 Politics of the New Europe
POL 248 Politics of Development
POL 249 Protest Politics in Comparative Perspective
POL 258 Middle East Politics
POL 297 America and Europe
REL 257 What’s Love Got to Do with It?
REL 313 Religious Language
REL 318 Postcolonial Theologies
REL 271 The History and Impact of the Holocaust
SOC 221 Sociology of Minorities
SOC 233 Women in the Third World
WMST 100 Introduction to Women’s Studies
COURSES TAUGHT IN ENGLISH (FRNE)
111 Them and Us: Diversity in Modern France This course is an introduction to the problematic of the Other in contemporary France. The principles on which this civil society is organized are analyzed, particularly those based on the 1789 Declaration of the rights of men. The course seeks to analyze what becomes of these principles today in the face of growing resentment against immigration and a crisis of national identity. The course begins with a short introduction to the 1789 revolution, which established the basic principles of the modern French state. Reflections on the French colonial experience in Algeria and its legacy in contemporary France serve as an introduction to the immigration question today. Typical readings: Ben Jelloun, Cardinal, Cohen, Charref, Memmi, Sebbar. (Staff, offered occasionally)
211 Black African Literature: The Quest for Identity An introduction to both oral and written forms of expressions from Black Africa. This course considers how writers and bards seek to create an identity for their societies and themselves in face of pressures not only from foreign cultures, but also from within their own societies. Typical readings: Sundiata, Wolof oral poetry, Camara Laye, Ousmane Sembène, Chinua Achebe, Ngugi, Emechetta, Gordimer, Wickham, Head. (Staff, offered occasionally)
215 Existentialist Journeys Modern Francophone African films and fictions, inspired by existentialist literature of political commitment, portray individuals in quest for identity, but the endpoint of their journeys remains elusive and problematic as they wrestle with the alienating effects of colonialism and post-colonialism. Do Francophone African writers and filmmakers renew European forms of the novel and film? What remains for Existentialist writers to learn from such journeys? Are existentialist portrayals of Africans truly free of the very racist and Eurocentric stereotypes that the existentialists themselves decry? (Staff, offered occasionally)
218 Memory, Culture and Identity in French Caribbean Literatures This course offers students windows into Francophone Caribbean culture and society as a literary construction. We analyze the dynamic of identity and memory through a study of Caribbean literary movements, from the colonial period to the post-colonial time. Topics include violence and exile and identity; the search for Africa and metaphors of origin; gender, race, memory, and the practice of Diaspora. Typical readings: Césaire, Damas, Fanon, Condé, Ollivier, Zobel, Danticat. (Dahouda, offered occasionally)
219 Beyond Colonialism: North African Cinema and Literature Between North and South, Mediterranean and continental Africa, with a rich 2,000-year history, Francophone North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia), faces many challenges: national, tribal, linguistic, gender and personal identities, the various faces of Islam, tradition and modernity. Students are introduced to the North African Maghreb, its cultural landscape, its history, and its people, through various cultural productions. These will include contemporary North African cinema, with particular emphasis on Tunisian films by women, fiction by Algerian and Moroccan authors such as Djebar, Bey, Kadra, Chraïbi, Ben Jelloun, among others. Prerequisite: open to all, but recommended for sophomores and beyond. This course is cross-listed with Africana Studies, and Media and Society; it should be of interest to students of Comparative Literature, History, and Political Science. (Gallouët, offered alternate years)
255 Modern French Theater This course introduces students to Modern French Theatre and to the new dramatic forms that appear in the course of the 20th century. The focus is on the revolution that takes place in the performing and visual arts and gives birth to Modern French Theatre. Students learn to analyze the dramatic text and the performance onstage and investigate the relationships between culture, society and theatre. Typical readings: Ionesco, Beckett, Genet, Anouilh, Sartre. (Staff, offered occasionally)
341 Boulevard Saint-Germain: Beauvoir, Sartre and Camus The Western imagination of the 20th century has evolved in response to, and in spite of, the major traumas of two world wars and their aftermath. This course examines how the particular conceptions of the universe, deriving from the stark realities of a war-torn continent, were formulated in the fictional writing of de Beauvoir, Sartre and Camus, the three voices that resonated with the deepest chords of a wounded nation, continent, world. (Staff, offered occasionally)
395 Race, Society and Culture of the Ancien Régime The goal of the course is to become familiarized with various cultural productions of XVIIIth century pre-revolutionary France, to acquire understanding how the representation of race evolved in a cultural context reflecting society’s political and economical agendas, and to appreciate the impact of race representation on society. Special attention is given to the construction of race in visual representations from travel narratives, illustrations, and paintings, as well as textual representations in fiction and in the writings of the Philosophes. This course is cross-listed with Africana Studies, and Media and Society; it should be of interest to students of Art, Comparative Literature, History, and Political Science. Prerequisite: open to all, but recommended for sophomores and beyond. (Gallouët, offered alternate years)
COURSES TAUGHT IN FRENCH (FRE)
101 Beginning French I For students with no French experience. This is an immersion course that teaches speaking, listening, reading, writing, and French body language through a creative combination of interactive materials that introduce students to French culture as well as language. This course, which uses French as the principal language of instruction in the classroom, includes two mandatory laboratories per week. It is open only to students with no prior experience in French, or students who have been placed in FRE 101, or students who have permission of the instructor. (Offered every semester)
102 Beginning French II For students who had French I in 12th grade. This course is a continuation of FRE 101. It includes two mandatory laboratories per week. Prerequisites: FRE 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (Offered every semester)
120 Intermediate French I For students who had FRE III in 11th grade or FRE II in 12th grade. This course offers qualified students the opportunity to review all the fundamentals of the French language (speaking, listening, writing, and reading). The course will also explore French and Francophone culture, art and literature through short readings. First-year students are placed in the class after examination of their high-school records; other students can enroll if they meet the requirements, or with permission of the instructor. This course, which uses French as the principal language of instruction in the classroom, includes two mandatory laboratories per week. Prerequisite: FRE 101 and 105 or equivalent. (Offered every semester)
130 Intermediate French II For students who had FRE IV in 11th grade or FRE III in 12th grade. This course offers qualified students the opportunity to reinforce all the fundamentals of the French language. Students work with the interactive DVD Jules et Jim to practice oral/aural skills as well as review fundamentals of French grammar. Jules et Jim also gives students a unique window on French culture including art, history, literature, and cinema. This course, which uses French as the principal language of instruction in the classroom, includes two mandatory laboratories per week. Prerequisite: FRE 120 or equivalent, or permission of the instructor. (Offered every semester)
226 French in Review I: Parler et Comprendre For students who had FRE IV in 12th grade. This course offers a complete grammar review while emphasizing aural and speaking skills to prepare students for advanced courses. All grammatical concepts are reviewed to form a firm foundation for all advanced French classes. The course, which uses French as the principal language of instruction in the classroom, includes two mandatory laboratories per week. Prerequisite: FRE 130 or the equivalent. (Offered every semester)
227 French in Review II: Lireet écrire For students who had FRE V (or more) in 12th grade. This is an advanced language course in which students learn nuances of French grammar and stylistics through reading, and various writing exercises. This course continues to review the fundamentals of grammar while emphasizing the skills of reading and writing. The course will guide the students through cultural and literary texts of increasing difficulty and help them develop strategies for reading texts in French. These strategies will lead to understanding of vocabulary through the use of lexical resources (dictionaries and web materials), understanding of grammatical syntax, and ability to identify writing strategies in written texts using stylistic analysis. Class includes two mandatory labs per week. Prerequisite: FRE 226 or permission of instructor. (Offered every semester)
230 Sénégal: An Orientation This course provides an introduction to the people, land, and culture of Sénégal for students planning to go on the Sénégal program. It includes an introduction to Sénégalese history, religion, economics, manners and customs, arts and crafts, food, sports, geography, wildlife, and vegetation. Students touch on issues of health and safe traveling. There is extensive viewing of slides and videotapes. Prerequisite: French 125. (Staff, offered alternate years)
241 Prises de vues: Introduction to Contemporary France This course seeks to analyze contemporary French culture through its representation in films and the media. Major trends examined include youth, education, immigration, women in society, and the political system. Students pursue a research topic of their choice and submit a portfolio at the end of the semester. The course includes a required laboratory to screen a film every Tuesday night. Students improve their language skills through readings discussions, written weekly film reviews and papers on relevant topics, and oral presentations on relevant topics. This course is highly recommended for students planning a term in France. This course is cross-listed with Media and Society. Prerequisites: FRE 227 or equivalent or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Edminston, la France contemporaine, and weekly films such as Kassowitz’s La Haine, Chatiliez’s La vie est un long fleuve tranquille, Jeunet’s Le fabuleux destin d’Amélie Poulain, Cantet’s Entre les murs and Kechich’s La graine et le mullet. (Gallouët, offered annually)
242 Introduction to Québec Studies This course seeks to examine various aspects of the French Canadian culture of the Province of Quebec in its social, literary, and ideological expressions, as well as in its political and historical contexts. It offers students an understanding of contemporary issues, such as colonialism, post-modernity, the Quiet Revolution, language and politics, feminist movements, the dynamics of identity, immigration, and the new nationalism. Students will also consider Quebec’s relations with France and the USA in the context of globalization. While exploring a new socio-cultural space, students will improve their French language skills through readings, discussions, film reviews, and papers on relevant topics. Prerequisite: FRE 227 or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Lacombe, Roy, Miron, Gagnon, Ollivier, Vallières, Nepveu, Bouchard. (Dahouda, offered regularly)
243 Introduction to Francophone Cultures This course seeks to introduce the variations of French and the variety of cultures in the Francophone to the world. Students are introduced to the concept of francophonie, its ideological and political meaning as well as its cultural and literary expressions. Students discover the unity and the diversity of French speaking countries. They explore contemporary issues in these countries, and discuss the relations of the Francophone world with France and the U.S. in the context of globalization. The goal of this course is not simply to acquaint students with issues and realities around the Francophone world, but to provide them with a broader cultural and intercultural perspective. Students improve their French through readings, discussions, weekly film reviews, and papers on relevant topics. Prerequisite: FRE 227 or equivalent or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: selections from journal articles, newspapers, books and web materials dealing with current events related themes examined in class. (Dahouda, offered regularly)
244 Le Midi de la France In this course, we concentrate on Provence with incursions into the wider Occitanie region. The historian Fernand Braudel writes that “France is diversity... it is not only an appearance, a way of speaking, but a concrete reality, the triumph of plurality, heterogeneity, of something never really seen elsewhere...of something always different...” Similarly throughout its history, Provence has been shaped by a constant flux of immigrants. Its luminous landscape reflects this diversity from rugged and dry terrains (the garrigues) to mountains and the Mediterranean coast. Provence has been the site of many political and religious upheavals, which are embedded in its cities and landscapes. It is difficult to look at Provence without “seeing” its history unfold. Since medieval times, poets, writers and artists have been inspired by its landscapes. We will look at the history, language, literature, and arts of Provence by following different itineraries marked by cities such as Arles, Marseilles, Avignon, Aix-en-Provence. We will study its rich folklore and traditions, and taste its fragrant cuisine...Prerequisites: FRE 227 or equivalent or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: History of Provence, Troubadours, Daudet, Mistral, Giono, Pagnol, Mauron. Films: La Gloire de mon pere, Jean de Florette, Marius et Jeanette. (Staff, offered alternate years)
251 Introduction to Literature I: Mystics, Friends and Lovers The conventions governing erotic love and passion in Europe were first formulated by the troubadours in Southern France. This course traces the evolution of passionate love from the Middle Ages to the Present, and analyzes its connections with mystical love. We will also study other traditions of love such as marital love and friendship. Prerequisite: Any of 241, 242, 242, 243, 244 or permission of the instructor. (Staff)
252 Introduction to Literature II: Que sais je? This course is an introduction to literary discourse and a study of essays by significant authors who have shaped French thought from the Renaissance to the present. The question ‘Que sais je?’ is an epistemological question, that is, a question about knowledge. What we know, or think we know, shapes our vision of the world, and who we are. The subject determines the object of knowledge. We pay particular attention to the subject, the “je” of the question. We consider the subject’s position before the unknown, and the other. Our journey, beginning with Montaigne’s question about identity will lead naturally to analysis of contemporary Western attitude toward others. Prerequisite: Any one of FRE 241, 242, 243, 244 or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: selections from Montaigne, Descartes, Voltaire, Rousseau, Camus, de Beauvoir, 1789 Declaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen. (Gallouët, offered regularly)
253 Introduction to Literature III: Paris-outre-mer Depending on the instructor, this course follows various trajectories between Paris and Francophone countries and regions around the world. Students listen to voices in French from outside France. Paris is considered a starting point, rather than the center of Francophone cultures. Special attention is given to the ambiguous love-hate relations between France and other Francophone countries. This course teaches explication de texte, the French approach to reading literary and other cultural texts. Prerequisite: Any one of FRE 241,242, 243, 244 or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: selections from Camus, Cesaire, Djebar, Pham Duy Khiem, Montaigne, Montesquieu, Duras, Senghor, Kourouma, Maalouf. (Staff, offered regularly)
351 Francophone African Fictions A study of the origins of Francophone African fiction in both French European and African traditions. It includes fragmentation of traditional models of identity in both men and women and the call for both master and slave to embrace a new freedom. Prerequisite: FRE 253 and one of the FRE 251, FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Soundjata, Diop, Kourouma, Laye, Sembene, Bâ. (Staff, offered occasionally)
352 North African Literature: Narratives of Dissent and the Search for Identity This course introduces narrative fiction from North Africa written in French. Students study the rise of Francophone narratives against colonialism and analyze their development into the national literatures of Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria. Paying particular attention to issues of gender, language, and religion, students analyze how these narratives of dissent evolve into fiction constructing individual and national identities. Prerequisite: FRE 253 and one of FRE 251, FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Fanon, Jelloun, Chraibi, Djebar, Mimouni, Yacine, Bey, Khadra. (Gallouët, offered occasionally)
355 Francophone Caribbean Identities This course deals with ways in which Francophone Caribbean writers represent their society in a context of deep alienations, and how they try to reinvent themselves and their community through the diversity of their unique culture and humanity. Students improve their cultural and language skills by discussing these major topics: memory, diaspora, and the quest for identity; race, gender and assimilation; language, aesthetics, and ideology. Prerequisite: FRE 253 and one of FRE 251, FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Césaire, Fanon, Dépestre, Zobel, Condé, Danticat; Glissant, Schwartz-Bart, Chamoiseau. (Dahouda, offered occasionally)
364 Voix Lyriques In this course, students participate in the metamorphoses of the world through in depth analysis of poems. Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Mallarmé, Valéry, Breton, Eluard, Appolinaire. (Staff, offered occasionally)
380 Images de Femmes Mother or lover, sorceress or goddess, redeemer or temptress—she often is a path toward the divine and often brings total destruction. This course studies recurrent literary images of the feminine and explores the mythical and mystical dimensions of these images. Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Malleus Maleficarum et Nerval, Gautier, Baudelaire, Cocteau. (Staff, offered occasionally)
382 Advanced Topics in French Literature: French Theater In this course, students read and analyze plays from Molière to the present time. A play must be spoken, heard, and visualized—so an important part of the course is devoted to the creative interpretation of selected scenes that are presented on stage toward the end of the term. Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. Typical readings: Molière, Marivaux, Hugo, Sartre, Beckett, Racine. (Staff)
383 Topics in Middle Ages and Renaissance Topics include Medieval epic and romance, Medieval and Renaissance lyric poetry, Montaigne, Rabelais, the Pléaide, Women in the French Renaissance. Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. (Wells, offered occasionally)
384 Topics in XVIIth and XVIIIth Century Topics include From d’Artagnan to the Sun King: Power and Culture in the XVIIth century; Epistolary Narratives; Representations of the Other in the Ancien Régime; The French Enlightenment and Diderot’s Encyclopédie, Marivaux. Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. (Gallouët, offered occasionally)
385 Topics in XIXth and XXth Century Topics might include an analysis of gender, class and race in short stories, and novels by Stendahl, Flaubert, Zola, women’s writings of the XXth century, as well as a study of poets such as Nerval, Claudel, Bonnefoy and Saint-John Perse and Victor Segalen. Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or permission of the instructor. (Staff, offered occasionally)
450 Independent Study